ETNOECOLOGIA DA PRODUÇÃO DE PEIXES ORNAMENTAIS NUM SECTOR DO MÉDIO RIO SOLIMÕ ES, FLONA TEFÉ E RESERVAS MAMIRAUÁ E AMANÃ ESTADO DO AMAZONAS

Marluce Mendonça, Mauricio Camargo

Abstract


A review of the recent history of ornamental fish removal from the Tefé National Forest -Flona, and from Mamirauá and Amanã Reserves was produced, by means of interviews with local fishermen and also based on records of the Brazilian environmental authority, IBAMA, at Tefé. Data presented show that the exports of ornanental fish in the Middle Solimões region are made of different of morphs of only two species, the discus Symphysodon aequifasciatus and Apistogramma spp. The volumes in which those species were exported are highly dependent on the market demands, even when dependent on the seasonality. The traditional social and economic relationships with the patrões are persistent, with the presence of interm ediates and servers to the patrões, that use the debts as means of maintaining those links. It is also indicated the importance of understand som e experiences with ornamentals in different natural environments, and to consider that the particular aspects of each site, their natural history, environmental conditions and cultural environments must be considered and adapted to, including in the case of the reserves studied.

Keywords


Médio Solimões. Reserva Mamirauá; Reserva Amanã; <i>Symphysodon aequifasciatus</i>; <i>Apistogramma</i> spp; Middle Solimões; Mamirauá Reserve; Amanã Reserve



DOI: https://doi.org/10.31420/uakari.v2i1.15