Livestock raising in the Amanã Sustainable Development Reserve, Amazonas State.

Lucas Gambogi Rodrigues, Bárbara Tadzia Trautman Richers, André Luis de Oliveira Araujo

Abstract


Livestock activities in the Amanã Sustainable Development Reserve (RDSA) involve the production of cattle and buffalo in an extensive system, and are aimed at raising income and savings. As an expanding activity with high environmental impact potential, livestock is a focus of current discussion in this protected area. This study aimed to characterize livestock ranching activities and ranchers in the RDSA, highlighting key factors of production and management dynamics, as well as key impact indicators. For this purpose, we conducted semi-structured questionnaires with all 58 ranchers and geo-referenced their grazing areas. Areas of natural fields used as pasture were calculated through the use of satellite images. The main impact indicators identified for local livestock activity include: cultivated field growth, the increased use of várzea grasslands, and buffalo herd growth. To control the expansion of this activity, we suggest the development of regulations to guide herd management and the use of productive environments involved in ranching activities.

Keywords


Buffalo; Cattle; Protected area; Amazonia; Búfalo; Gado; Unidade de conservação; Amazônia

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31420/uakari.v9i1.131