Hunting and hunters in lowland communities in the region of the middle Solimões, Amazonas, Brazil.

Gerson Paulino Lopes, João Valsecchi, Tatiana Martins Vieira, Paulo Valsecchi do Amaral, Everton Wiliam Martins da Costa

Abstract


The uniqueness of the Mamirauá Sustenainable Development Reserve (RDSM), a continuous area of floodplain and 1.124.000 bounded by large rivers (Rio Solimões, Japurá and Auati-Paraná), allows only the survival of aquatic, arboreal or scansorial animals in the area throughout the seasonal cycle. Thus the profile of hunting in RDSM should be distinct from those reported in other studies. The aim of this study was to describe the hunting activity conducted in five communities in a flooded forest area, characterizing the wildlife killed ant the profile of hunters in these communities. Between January and December of 2005, 238 hunting events were held and 459 animals were slaughtered, totalizing 1850.5 Kg. Reptiles are the main group hunted and accounted for 92.12% of those killed and 64.27% of the total weight obtained. The most susceptible species are those hunted (Podocnemis unifilis, Podocnemis sextuberculata, Podocnemis expansa, Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris, Crax globulosa, Alouatta seniculus, Cairina moschata and Pauxi tuberosa). Despite the frequency of hunting events, the activity did not contribute much to the income of the families. Hunting is a predominantly male activity and starts at early ages in the communities monitored. According to local perception, the creation of the Reserve has already had positive results on the population of some species of game.

Keywords


Subsistence hunting; Susceptibility of species; Caça de subsistência; Susceptibilidade; Mamirauá

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31420/uakari.v8i1.120