Environmental impact assessment of Uakari Floating Lodge using interaction matrixes.

Joao Paulo Borges Pedro

Abstract


Tourism impacts the environment. Therefore, the knowledge of mechanisms that allow doing an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is critical. Among other methods we emphasize the Leopold Matrix, a kind of interaction matrix that allows clear visualization of the potential impact of a venture or project. This article aims to show the potential environmental impact of Uakari Floating Lodge, through an adaptation of the Leopold Matrix, evaluating the Magnitude and Importance of their environmental impacts. We found 28 environmental aspects in Uakari Lodge, being “generation of domestic wastewater” and “accumulation of used batteries” the most significant internal aspects, and “utilization of lubricating oil and fuel in motor boats rides” and “generation of gases from fuel combustion in boat rides” the most significant external aspects. All of them were identified as environmental aspects with potential for Direct (84.6%), Reversible (76.9%), Insignificant (46.2%) or Moderated (53.8%), and Local (100%) impacts. The results indicate the environmental aspects raised have low impact to the natural environment, considering the enterprise scale. However, we should find ways to mitigate their effects, once the Uakari Floating Lodge is located in a Protected area (Area).

Keywords


Uakari Floating Lodge; Environmental Impact Assessment; Environmental Aspect; Interaction Matrix; Leopold Matrix; Pousada Flutuante Uacari; Avaliação de Impacto Ambiental; Aspecto Ambiental; Matriz de Interação; Matriz de Leopold.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31420/uakari.v8i2.114