IS IT TRUE THAT THIS PLACE USED TO BE AN INDIAN VILLAGE? CERAMIC ANALYSIS AND PRELIMINARY CHRONOLOGY OF BOA ESPERANÇA ARCHEOLOGICAL SITE LOCATED IN AMANÃ SDR, MID-SOLIMÕES RIVER, STATE OF AMAZONAS, BRAZIL.

Jaqueline Gomes

Abstract


This article presents the preliminary results of ceramics samples collected in site Boa Esperança, located in Amanã Sustainable Development Reserve, Amazonas. Archaeological research has been conducted since 2006 and has yielded a large amount of data that is being used to construct community management plans for local archaeological heritage. Twenty-nine archaeological sites were identified along the survey stage. These sites are composed of Amazonian dark earths (ADE), potsherds, urns and few lithic remains. The Boa Esperança site was chosen as the first site of investigation. Mapping and excavations revealed differences in shape and size among the occupation strata. In order to characterize the artifacts and infer the chronology of occupation, 24% of all ceramic sherds collected through excavation were analyzed, revealing several changes in vessel manufacturing processes in addition to formal and decorative differences. Near-surface deposits are correlated within the Amazonian Polychrome Traditions while the underlying ones show ceramics belonging to the Incised Rim Tradition ceramics. Along with radiocarbon dates, the data allow for an outlining of a preliminary cultural chronology that begins in mid-first millennium B. C. Moreover, these data relate the region to wider processes of cultural change that occurred in the first millennium A.D. in Central Amazonia

Keywords


Archaeology; Ceramics Analysis; Preliminary Chronology; SDR Amana; Arqueologia Amazônica; Análise Cerâmica; Cronologia Preliminar; RDS Amanã



DOI: https://doi.org/10.31420/uakari.v7i2.100